The transparency and immensity of the majestic Sea of Cortez, formed from more than five million years ago as a result of the San Andreas fault, which separated the Baja California peninsula from the mainland, is home to more than 800 species of fish and more than 3,000 marine species such as sharks, whales, dolphins, crustaceans, creatures invertebrates and mammals.

The Sea of Cortez gives us the only organisms in the world that are attributed to both a tropical climate and in the north, an area of temperate water, and in its depths amazing unknown life forms unknown until a few years ago.

Diving enthusiasts come to these seas for warm summer temperatures (27-31ºC), with enough presence of sunlight and because during the winter ocean temperature varies between 12 and 15 ° C.

The main parts to practice this sport in the state:

  • San Jorge Island with rocky headlands and waters which are home to a breeding population of sea lions; it is the first one of national importance. In addition, it is the northernmost town for bat fishers.
  • Puerto Peñasco and its long beaches and dunes are a favorable destination for water activities. It has a series of small islands that attract the attention of underwater explorers who are fascinated with the pleasant temperature in summer and visibility up to 10 meters deep.
  • Ducks Island just a few kilometers from Punta Sargento, is what is known as Mar Bermejo during the times of the conquest.
  • Shark Island. Its beauty is indescribable, as beautiful white sand dunes are mixed with varied species of flora and fauna protected by the Conc’ac group.
  • Isla San Pedro Nolasco-giant rocks form the Barajitas Canyon, home to seals and sea lions, it is an excellent opportunity to closely observe marine animals in their natural habitat.
  • Chica y Grande Ensenada , located in a distance and remote area, is a popular site for diving, with protection from the open sea to boats and divers.
  • El Himalaya . It is one of the favorite places of American and national divers, with a diving area that contains hollow rock with a channel almost 10 meters deep, which serves as home to reproductive marine organisms.
  • Bahía de Martín Villa o La Bahía del Muerto , along with Pena Blanca Bay, are popular for divers because one can snorkel near a rocky island. In deep water, the fish and other maritime species are abundant. Included in the populations: lobsters, stingrays, eels and, in season, migrating whales.
  • El Derrumbe, La Cocina, Las Ventanas are three locations which attract divers who enjoy exploring underwater rocky areas that are safe during storms.
  • Punta Chueca separated from Shark Island by a narrow channel, are strong currents of waves that suggest its name is  appropriate: “Canal del Infiernillo.” Divers who venture into shallow waters no more than seven meters, feel trapped in its strong currents.
  • Arrecifes Artificiales ,  just 30 minutes from San Carlos, lies the “Albatun” boat  of nearly 180 feet long and nearly opposite to the Canyon de Las Barajitas “rests the President Diaz Ordaz,” a ferry which is 330 feet long and besides being a tourist attraction, serves to house colonies of different species of marine flora and fauna.
  • San Carlos. This town has become a paradise for divers, with businesses exclusively for underwater activities. Here, you can rent and buy equipment, perform major and minor repairs or various services. The community has modern equipment for filling tanks that provide full security for scuba diving enthusiasts.
VIEW ALL Higher Education Institutions from Sonora